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Definite Article

The definite article, the, is used before times, places and institutions, jobs and games, and diseases, eg see ye the morn, she's at the scuil noo, playin at the gowf, comin doon wi the cauld.

Indefinite Article

The indefinite article is usually a before a consonant, and an before a vowel (as in English). But you can also use a before a vowel: Ah'll hae fower butteries, a crumpet an a aipple tairt.


Ane is now used only for the number 'one' in some dialects: Gie me ane o the butteries. In Older Scots it was used as both the numeral and the indefinite article eg

Gif they be twenty he shall take ane.

Ane Satyr of the Thrie Estaites


The proximal demonstratives are this (sg) and thir (pl).

The distal demonstratives are that (sg) and thae (pl).

Scots has the additional demonstrative thon or yon (both sg and pl) to indicate something even further away than that or thae would indicate.